Everyone makes mistakes. In fact, as English learners, I imagine that you are aware that you constantly make mistakes with your English (which is okay if you learn from them).
But sometimes a mistake can be shown millions of times on Youtube. And that is exactly what happened to Russia’s goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev.
During the game against South Korea, the goalkeeper made a mistake which led to a goal. Here is the video:
Using Should Have for past expectations
What can we say about this? Well, the first thing to note is that he should have saved it. In fact, he should have easily saved it.
We expect the goalkeeper to save shots like that one. But he didn’t. And we use the construction should have + past participle to explain this. We use this construction when something that we expected to happen, didn’t happen. Here are more examples:
- I’m a little worried. My brother should have arrived over two hours ago.
- You shouldn’t have had any problems (with the computer). It worked perfectly for me.
Using Should Have for past advice
We also use should have when we’re talking about advisable actions in the past (actions that didn’t happen). For example, let’s say that you took an exam today and failed. You feel terrible, but know that you didn’t study hard enough. Your friends, if they are honest, will say:
“You should have studied harder.”
This is advice for the past. Here are more examples:
- I shouldn’t have eaten all those biscuits. I feel terrible now.
- Messi should have passed the ball, there were other players in better positions.
- He really shouldn’t have said that. I think he’ll regret it.
Over to You
Watch the following video, and then I want you to answer the question.
Question: Should the Spanish goalkeeper have done better? If so, what should he have done instead of punching the ball.
Question for those who don’t like football: Is there something that you should have done yesterday but didn’t do?
Example: I should have called my accountant, but I felt too lazy to do it.
Leave your answers below!