Phrasal Verbs Lesson 4
The phrasal verbs that will be introduced in lesson four are: put up with, run out of, sort out, and bring up.
To help us learn these phrasal verbs let’s take a look at the following conversation between two housemates:
Beth: We’ve run out of milk again.
Dawn: That’s because you never buy any and drink it all.
Beth: That’s not true! Why do you have to bring that up again?
Dawn: It is true. I bring these things up because I think we need to sort it out.
Beth: What situation?
Dawn: Well, I’ve been putting up with how lazy you are around the house. I have to do all the cleaning, including cleaning up after your parties.
Beth: I know I’m not the tidiest, but I try my best. Listen, I have to go to class now, but we’ll talk about it later.
To run out of something means to have nothing left. This is used a lot around the house and is applied to things that you need, tangible and intangible:
- We’re running out of washing up liquid, can you get some after work? (Notice here that the phrasal verb is used in the present continuous and it means that they haven’t run out of it yet, but they’re getting close.)
- I don’t want to go out, I’ve run out of energy.
- We’re running out of petrol, look out for a station.
- Time is running out for world peace.
To bring something up (the object goes between the base verb and the preposition), means to start talking about a subject, usually a problem.
- Why do you have to bring up that again?
- I hate to bring it up again, but I think we need to talk about it.
To sort something out means to resolve a problem. In the conversation above, Dawn wanted to resolve the issues between her and Beth, so she said that she wanted to sort things out.
Some other examples:
- We were arguing for a while but we sorted it out.
- They have sorted out their problem.
It can also mean to organize:
- Let’s sort out our papers before we move into our new place.
- You’re not going out until you sort out your room.
To put up with something means to tolerate; it’s used a lot in the negative with either ‘don’t’ and ‘can’t.’ Let’s look at some examples:
- I can’t put with the noise, can you tell the kids to keep it down?
- I don’t think I can put up with it any longer. (Here we use the phrase ‘I don’t think’).
- I can’t put up with this heat any longer.
Another phrase that is used and is similar to this phrasal verb is, ‘I can’t stand.’
Complete the sentences using the following phrasal verbs: run out of, bring up, sort out, put up with (only some are used twice).
1. My battery __________ power really fast.
2. It gets really hot here in summer, but I can __________ it.
3. You _____ that _____ every time. Can we just forget about it?
4. Oh shit! I think the car is __________ petrol!
5. Yesterday was pretty boring. I just __________ all my paperwork.
6. I don’t know how you __________ your boss talking to you like that.
1. runs out of
2. put up with
3. bring / up
4. running out of
5. sorted out
6. put up with