English Conditionals

Here you will find links to full explanations of the conditionals used in English. Conditional sentences are ones where the ‘main clause’ only occurs if the “conditional clause’ is fulfilled. Here is an example:

  • If it is dry this weekend, we’ll go for a walk.

This means that they will only go for a walk if the weather is dry.

Types of English Conditionals

There are lots of different types of conditional sentences in English, but they are generally split into the following:

First Conditional
Second Conditional
Third Conditional
Zero Conditional

The first and zero conditionals are used to talk about real situations, whereas the second and third conditionals are used to talk about imaginary situations.

The first example above is the first conditional, so let’s now have a look at examples for the others:

  • I’d go if I were you (second).
  • If it had been me, I would have gone (third).
  • I always have a good time when I go there (zero).

Practice is really important with conditionals, so take a look at the examples in each of our tutorials and then go onto the exercises (see below).

Conditional Exercises

First Conditional Ex
Second Conditional Ex
Third Conditional Ex

First vs Second Conditional Ex
Second vs Third Conditional Ex